Thursday, January 21, 2016

Coming off the Birth Control Pill - What you should know

The birth control pill is one of the most commonly prescribed hormones and methods of contraception used by women today.  It is readily prescribed as a first line treatment for many menstrual issues such as irregular, heavy and painful periods.  It's also readily prescribed to treat acne and premenstrual symptoms such as headaches, irritability and breast tenderness.  Females, as young as 13 years old are commonly put on birth control for an undetermined period of time without any reassessment.  

The hormones in birth control pills vary.  Some birth control pills contain estrogen and progesterone, others contain one and not the other and each brand differs in the actual amount of each hormone. The purpose of estrogen and progesterone is to alter the physiology of the body and inhibit ovulation from occurring.  As such, pregnancy is avoided and the hormone fluctuations that occur during and after ovulation are also reduced.

The decision to come off the pill usually coincides with a time when a woman is ready for pregnancy, or when she wants to forgo the often strict regiment of taking the pill.  Once off the pill, the body now has to adjust to its underlying hormonal rhythm which had been previously altered.  If this underlying hormonal state was out of balance prior being medicated, it is common for many symptoms experienced before to return, often much worse than before.

A naturopathic doctor can help not only regulate your hormones after coming off the pill, but can also help reduce many of the symptoms that caused you to go on the pill in the first place.  The longer you have been on the pill, the more essential it is to support the body before you come off the pill.

Here are some common symptoms that may exacerbate if the body is not properly supported prior to coming off the pill:
  • Irritability and Mood Instability
 It can take up to 6 months for hormones to stabilize after coming off the pill.  This period of transition can contribute to fluctuations of hormones leading to irritability, depression and anxiety.  Hormonal support such as B vitamins and herbal preparations can prevent mood imbalances.
If you experienced acne prior to being on the pill, changes are your acne will return.  Since the birth control pill decreases testosterone these levels may increase causing acne once off the pill.  Food sensitivities are another major contributor to acne.  If inflammatory foods are not identified and addressed prior, skin aggravations are more likely to occur.
  • Irregular Periods
As your body is attempting to regulate on its own, cycles can be irregular causing recurrent periods or even an absence for many months.  Periods can also be significantly heavier and more painful.  Identifying inflammatory foods, nutrient deficiencies and doing acupuncture can significantly prevent these imbalances from occurring.

How can a naturopathic doctor help?


Hormone balance is a complex process that involves many organs and reactions in the body. Coming off the birth control pill can often cause hormone function to be left impaired and, without the proper support, this can impact overall quality of life and fertility.  Bridging the period of time between coming off the birth control pill and supporting the body afterwards prevents many aggravations from occurring. Here are a few areas a naturopathic doctor would start to address before and after you come off the pill:

  • Hormone Regulation 
There are many herbs and homeopathic remedies that can effectively regulate menses.  The advantage of working with a naturopath is to identify which remedy would be appropriate,  and allow the body to not only regain normal menstrual cycle length and flow, but also reduce symptoms of migraines, breast tenderness, water retention and irritability that may also occur due to abnormal hormone fluctuation.
  • Replenishing Deficient Nutrients
The birth control pill depletes the body of nutrients.  These vitamins and minerals are essential for proper neurotransmitter and hormonal function.  Some vitamins that are readily depleted by birth control include B vitamins, folic acid and magnesium.  When these nutrients are identified and supported, menstrual and premenstrual symptoms can be significantly improved.
  • Liver and Gallbladder Support
Since the liver is the organ responsible for metabolizing hormones and the bile is one of the main routes of elimination of metabolites, its function is often stressed by the birth control pill.  A naturopathic doctor can identify which herbal remedy, homeopathic or nutrient would be most effective to help these organs detoxify and function optimally.
  • Gut Health and Diet
Hormones can be recycled through the gut if they are not eliminated properly.  Gut bacteria and regular bowel movements play a significant role in regulating hormones.  Diet can also influence the function of the liver and gallbladder.  Foods such as bitter greens, brassica vegetables, flaxseeds and high fiber legumes can help support the gut and liver.

If you'd like to learn more about the pros and cons of the birth control pill, stay tuned for Dr. Arjomand's next blog and seminar scheduled for February.

Dr. Arjomand is a Naturopathic Doctor at Naturopathic Foundations whose practice focuses on hormonal balance and women's health. If coming off the pill is something you have been considering, please call Naturopathic Foundations at 905-940-2727 to book an appointment with Dr. Arjomand to discuss ways you can safely and effectively regain healthy hormonal balance during and after coming off the pill.


Wednesday, December 30, 2015

Dealing with the Winter Blues

by Dr. Iva Lloyd, ND

Winter blues, or seasonal affective disorder (SAD), refers to bouts of depression and desire to sleep longer during specific periods of the year. SAD is most common in the winter months and is most prevalent in areas with decreased sunlight.  

Who is prone to Seasonal Affective Disorder?

  • Those individuals who spend more time indoors when it is cold and decrease their outside activities in the winter.
  • Those individuals who decrease their social activities and interaction with others in the winter months.
  • There tends to be an association between low thyroid function and increased risk of SAD.
  • High stress levels during the winter can increase the likelihood of SAD or can make it more extreme.
  • Conditions such as insomnia, depression, mood disorders or pre-menstrual syndrome (PMS) are associated with increased risk.
  • Getting a cold or flu in the winter can often trigger SAD, especially if it lingers. Some blogs that you may find helpful include:

What Happens in the Mind

  • The shortening of daylight hours in the winter causes a shift in normal circadian rhythms which leads to increased production of melatonin and cortisol.
  • Melatonin is the hormone associated with sleep.  When melatonin increases a person's desire and ability to sleep longer is enhanced.
  • Cortisol is considered the stress hormone. When it rises people tend to feel more edgy. For some people the rise in cortisol results in feelings of sadness, for others it results in feelings of agitation or frustration.
  • Together an increase in melatonin and cortisol can result in a decrease in serotonin which is a mood-elevating neurotransmitter.

Symptoms of SAD

The two main symptoms that are always present include depression and increased desire to sleep. Other symptoms that may also be present include:
  • lethargy
  • daytime fatigue
  • melancholy
  • craving for carbohydrates
  • overeating with increased appetite
  • weight gain
  • loss of sexual interest
  • irritability

Natural Treatments for Seasonal Affective Disorder

Staying active and social is an essential part of limiting the risk or severity the SAD has on you. Other strategies or natural treatments include:
  • When at home: Keep your drapes and blinds open. Sit near windows when relaxing or reading. On cloudy days, turn on bright lights - ideally full-spectrum lighting - in the room that you spend the most time.
  • Stay active - Get outside as much as possible, especially in the early morning light. Aim for 1 hour in the sun each day.
  • Dietary recommendations - there are a number of ways that diet can assist including:
    • Decrease alcohol and caffeine - or at a minimum, ensure that you don't increase them in the winter.
    • Eat by season. When it is cold outside, avoid cold, raw and dry food. Winter is a great time for soups, stews and casserole. Leave the smoothies and the salads for the summer.
  • Exercise - Stay active. Aim for 30 minutes of exercise at least three times a week, preferably outside. 
  • Sleep - As much as possible stick to the same sleep regimen that you have in the summer, especially as it relates to the number of hours that you sleep.
  • Vitamin D - Most people do better if they take Vitamin D in the winter months. To learn more about Vitamin D, read our blog titled, High Dose Vitamin D, is it safe and effective?
  • Natural health products (NHPs) - There are a number of NHPs that are used to address SAD including: Melatonin, Tryptophan, Fish Oil, and others. 
  • Herbs - St. John's Wort, Kava-kava and other herbs are often beneficial in the treatment of SAD.
  • Light therapy - There are a number of ways increasing your exposure to natural light. There are light visors that you can wear for 15 - 20 minutes a day, specific light bulbs that you can use in your home, light units that you sit in front of and other instruments.  Light therapy can be very effective on its own or as an adjunct to other therapies.
If you think that you have a case of the "winter blues" and would like advice on how to deal with it naturally, speak to one of our naturopathic doctors by calling the clinic at 905-940-2727 to book an appointment.

IV Therapy: A Useful Tool in the Treatment of IBD

By: Dr. Kimberley Ramberan, ND

Patients often ask me - "Why did you decide to do the extra training to become an IV Certified Naturopathic Doctor?" My answer is, "because this treatment works and it works fast!" I first became interested in intravenous (IV) therapy while in a severe flare while attending naturopathic medical school.  My Naturopathic Doctor at the time thought that I could benefit from IV Therapy and I sure did.  Within 48 hours my energy was better that it had been in months and the flare-up that I was in started to turn around after consistent treatment.  I knew I had to be able to offer this kind of help to people with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) because of the immense value it could bring to their overall quality of life.

Why IV Therapy is a Valuable Treatment for People with IBD

The fact is that patients with IBD have a harder time extracting the nutrients from their food as the integrity of their digestive tract has been compromised and weakened by inflammation. The inflammation damages the small, finger-like cells in the intestine - called "villi"-, allowing the body to breakdown complex nutrients like protein into a usable fuel source for the body.  Needless to say, when villi become damaged, the body's ability to derive the nutrition it needs from food is decreased.
When the body is deficient in key nutrients, cell-to-cell communication is inhibited, thus making it harder for damaged tissue to heal.  Nutrient deficiencies can also cause a barrage of other symptoms, such as:
  • Headache
  • Pain
  • Dry Mouth
  • Mouth Ulcers
  • Acne
  • Nausea
  • Fatigue
  • Depression

How IV Therapy Works

IV therapy uses high dose vitamins, minerals and natural substances intravenously.  This offers a route of administration that bypasses the digestive system and goes directly into the circulatory system guaranteeing a greater concentration of nutrients into the cells.  IV Therapy allows for highly concentrated nutrients to enter cells more easily in order to heal and repair cellular damage caused by chronic  inflammation.  It can correct for deficiencies much faster than oral supplementation. This leads to the patient feeling better and promotes shortened flare-ups and lengthened periods of remission in patients with IBD.  Each IV bag is custom-formulated based on what their individual needs are.

Constantly "just getting by" or "not being able to eat or do what everyone else is eating or doing" or feeling like " your life has to be put on hold" is not conducive to a healing state of mind. Sometimes feeling just a little bit more "like you" is all we need to keep working on getting better.

To find our more about the how IV Therapy could benefit you please call Naturopathic Foundations Health Clinic at 905-940-2727 to book an appointment with Dr. Kimberley Ramberan, ND.
    This is the fifth in a 12-part series on the Irritable Bowel Disease.  We encourage you to check out the other blogs by Dr. Kimberley Ramberan, ND.

    Thursday, December 24, 2015

    Healthy Travelling

    By Dr. Leena Athparia, ND  

    Winter season is travel season for many. Increased accessibility to global travel offers the luxury of escaping the cold weather and heading to warmer climates to relax, enjoy the warmth of the sun and enjoy new experiences abroad.  Travelling is an opportunity to take time for yourself, spend time with family and friends, immerse yourself in cultural activities and new adventures to break the regular mundane routine. Depending on the purpose, location and duration of your trip, your travel may range from being hectic to relaxing, low risk to high risk, and overstimulating to rejuvenating.  Being adequately prepared for travel ensures a more enjoyable and healthy trip.

    Travelling can be exciting. However, it may expose you to new situations and environments which may pose additional health risks. How prepared you need to be depends on whether you are planning a short family vacation to Mexico, or a longer solo trip to volunteer abroad, or a business trip to Asia. Based on your previous experiences, you may need more extensive preparation if travel triggers unwanted symptoms. Included below are a number of tips which may be beneficial to help you prepare for your travel.

    Seeking naturopathic advice can help address specific health concerns such as: jet lag, travel anxiety, indigestion, diarrhea, constipation, insect-borne illnesses, infections, parasites, cuts, burns and altitude sickness.  The tools that a naturopathic doctor has access to can support prevention (prophylaxis), diagnose and treat travel-related illnesses.  Sleeping patterns and food habits may shift drastically on a trip. By supporting the body, the chances of travel-related illness may be reduced. In addition, supporting mental and emotional health in unfamiliar environments is critical to well-being.

    Every individual is unique with inherent strengths or weaknesses. Depending on your constitution, certain organs or body systems may be more susceptible to illness.  For example, individuals with weak immune systems may become more vulnerable to respiratory tract infections; individuals with circulation issues may experience swollen feet and ankles after a flight; i
    ndividuals with anxiety may experience panic attacks triggered by the stress of travel. A naturopathic doctor can help you identify and treat aspects of your health which require strengthening, as well as treat illnesses contracted during a trip.

    Naturopathic medicine can prevent and treat the following travel-related concerns: 

    • Jet lag: shifting from one time zone to the other can have a significant impact on the body's circadian rhythms which regulate our sleep/wake cycle.  Melatonin is a natural hormone that is made by the body which helps us sleep.  When changing time zones, melatonin production may take a while to readjust, leading to symptoms commonly associated with jet lag.  For individuals struggling with jet lag, natural melatonin supplements or nervine herbs can help your body readjust more quickly to the local time zone.  Sunlight exposure also helps us reset our circadian rhythms and reduces the effects of jet lag.
    • Infections:  coldflu, and parasite exposure multiplies when travelling. Coupled with a weakened immune system, travellers become more vulnerable to illness.  With naturopathic medicine, you can keep the terrain strong to prevent microorganisms from thriving.  When the environment is unfavourable, parasites are less likely to thrive.  If you do contract parasites, proper diagnosis and treatment options can be provided by your naturopathic doctor. Certain herbs have specific properties that are anti-viral, anti-bacterial, anti-fungal and anti-parasitic to target the pathogen and support your recovery.
    • Digestive issues: diarrheaconstipationindigestion are the most common unpleasant "side-effect" of travelling.  Ingesting new foods from unknown sources, combined with the stress of travelling can lead to a range of uncomfortable situations.  Traveller's diarrhea can be very unpleasant and prevent you from enjoying your trip.  Constipation may develop due to anxiety or due to poor hydration or lack of fibre.  Prevention is key to strengthening the digestive tract prior to travel, reducing susceptibility to digestive upset.  Naturopathic medicine can treat acute digestive issues, allowing you to enjoy your trip.
    • Travel anxiety can escalate into more severe anxiety and fear.  Panic attacks triggered by fear of flying can leave an individual exhausted and terrified of future travel.  If you are a worrier and experience anxiety frequently, herbs and homeopathic remedies that support the nervous system can help you relax, along with meditation techniques.
    • Altitude sickness: when travelling to mountainous regions such as the Himalayas, Andes or the Rockies, the sudden change in atmospheric pressure and oxygen can result in dizziness, nausea, fatigue and more serious symptoms.  Supporting the circulatory and respiratory systems are critical prior to your trip. A naturopathic doctor may do lab work to check your hemoglobin and iron levels, and suggest herbs, homeopathics and lifestyle suggestions to reduce the risk or altitude sickness. 
    • Mosquito & insect bites may carry infectious diseases.  Malaria is prevalent in many tropical regions and can be a serious health issue if not diagnosed or treated promptly. Know the risk at your destination and which prevention and treatment options are available. Reduce your risk of infectious diseases in the first place by reducing your chances of being bitten.  There are numerous internal and external options to ward off insects, in addition to diet and lifestyle factors.  Bitter foods, homeopathics and herbs, such as neem, can repel mosquitoes, as do a variety of essential oils.
    • First aid: cuts, burns, bruises are unfortunately common scenarios while travelling for adults and children.  Help prevent infections and complications by carrying naturopathic first aid supplies such as lavender oil, aloe vera gel, or calendula cream for bite or burns, arnica cream or homeopathics for bruises and sprains, in addition to bandaids and gauze.  These can help in minor injuries, or carry you through until you receive medical attention.
    For detailed tips for healthy travelling, please check-out our handout titled, "Travelling Tips" at: http://www.naturopathicfoundations.ca/patients/handouts/

    A naturopathic doctor can help you prepare for your trip, help you to stay healthy during your trip and improve recovery after your trip.  When you are adequately prepared, you can reduce your chances of travel complications such as traveller’s diarrhea, parasites, infections and fatigue.  Naturopathic medicine can assist you with any pre-existing conditions which may flare up during travel and help you recover from acute illnesses contracted while abroad, to ensure healthy re-adjustment.

    Staying healthy while travelling will allow you to enjoy your trip to the fullest and open you to a world-full of exciting experiences. Wishing you safe and happy travels !

     Dr. Leena Athparia ND has travelled extensively to many countries in Asia, Europe, Middle East and South America and has had first-hand experience with naturopathic travel medicine.  She focuses in preparing you for travel so you stay healthy and enjoy a wonderful trip. If you would like to book an appointment with Dr. Leena Athparia ND, please contact Naturopathic Foundations at 905-940-2727 or email lathparia@naturopathicfoundations.ca



    Friday, November 27, 2015

    Are You A Good Candidate For Bio-Identical Hormone Replacement Therapy?

    By Dr. Pearl Arjomand, ND

    Are you a middle-aged woman struggling with hot flashes, insomnia, low sex drive or uncomfortable vaginal dryness?  Have you tried a number of therapies to find relief but have not found sustainable improvement in your symptoms?  As we age, hormone production and metabolism change.  Between the ages of 40-55 there begins to be a natural decline in the production of estrogen and progesterone and these hormonal shifts often contribute to these unpleasant symptoms.

    Bio-identical Hormone Therapy (BHRT) is a safe and effective option that is now available through prescription from some naturopathic doctors to help you through this transition.

    Do any of these signs and symptoms relate to you?  If so, hormone imbalance may be a contributing factor.



    Bio-identical Hormones - What are they?

    Bio-identical hormones refer to natural hormones that have a molecular chemical structure identical to that of the body's own hormones.  This is very important since the structure of each hormone will define the reaction it has at the cellular level.  The identical molecular structure of these hormones allows a "key in lock" reaction causing a more natural and physiological effect from the body.  These natural hormones are most often extracted from plants such as soybeans or Mexican wild yam root.

    Benefits from using Bio-identical Hormones vs. Synthetic Hormone Replacement

    1. How they're metabolized.

    The body innately knows how to metabolize its own estrogen over a synthetic form.  Natural estrogen is not only broken down and eliminated from the body much faster than its synthetic counter-part, but we also know now that the by-products from this metabolism are less harmful to the body.

    2. Fewer side effects.

    Natural hormones have fewer side effects than synthetic hormone replacement (HRT), especially in the case of progesterone.  Bio-identical progesterone balances the effects of estrogen in the breast tissue and, in some cases, is used to reduce breast cancer risk.  Other benefits include reduction in anxiety, irritability, help with sleep, lower cholesterol and reduced water retention.

    3. Individualized dosages.

    Bio-identical hormones are compounded at your local pharmacy.  Therefore, your naturopathic doctor can create a customized dosing regimen and potency to fit your individual needs.  This allows us to adjust and taper dosages when necessary.

    4.  No additives, preservatives or fillers.

    Any drug that is patented contains preservatives, binders, fillers and dyes.  Individualized compounded formulas are often free of these agents.

    Would Bio-identical Hormone Therapy be good for you?

    Bio-identical Hormone therapy (BHRT) can be very effective if you are suffering from hot flashes, vaginal dryness contributing to pain with intercourse, increased frequency of vaginal and urinary infections, insomnia and anxiety related to menopause. BHRT is often considered an effective therapy when perimenopausal and menopausal symptoms are extreme.  There is evidence that BHRT may provide some benefit to women who are at mild risk of osteoporosis and heart disease.

    Bio-Identical Hormone Replacement Therapy is not a stand-alone therapy.

    Our physiology depends on balanced hormones, neurotransmitters and chemical reactions to take place in order for proper functioning. The building blocks from all these reactions come from proper nutrition, optimal digestive function and a balanced lifestyle.  The naturopathic approach takes into account the whole person, addressing not only the hormonal component of our health, but also other essential tenants such as our nutrition,  influences from our environment and mental/emotional aspects.  Further, your naturopathic doctor will often combine hormonal support through the use of bio-identical hormones together with nutritional, herbal, dietary and lifestyle recommendations for a comprehensive treatment plan.  We will also work with you to support optimal functioning of different body systems such as the liver, digestion, nervous system and immune system.  This will allow treatments to be more effective and sustainable.

    To prescribe bio-identical hormone therapy, a naturopathic doctor must first pass a board-certified pharmacy exam.  At Naturopathic Foundations Health Clinic, Dr. Arjomand is one of the licensed naturopathic doctors that can prescribe bio-identical hormones and has a special interest in women's health.

    For more information about bio-identical hormone therapy or to book a consultation with Dr. Arjomand, ND please call Naturopathic Foundations Health Clinic at 905-940-2727.

    Saturday, November 21, 2015

    Healthy Relationships - What's Sex Got to Do with It?

    by Dr. Jacqueline Cooper, ND

    Healthy sexual expression is an important facet of establishing and maintaining a healthy romantic relationship. A lack-lustre sex life is often an indicator that something is amiss in the relationship. The underlying problem may stem from an issue one partner is struggling with. Perhaps, they are self-consciousness about their body and shy away from sex as a result. Age and weight-related body changes are often cited among the most common reasons for lowered libido. Conversely, it may be something more directly related to the dynamic between the couple. For example, there may be built up resentment over the division of household chores - unaddressed, ongoing resentment is a huge obstacle to sexual desire. While dissatisfaction or disinterest in sex is typically a lagging indicator of an already existing problem, if left unaddressed, it creates a new subset of issues. Hence, the cyclical causation for cultivating healthy relationships and healthy sex lives - each relies on the other’s existence.  An optimal romantic relationship  requires an optimized sex life and vice versa.

    Benefits of Sex & Orgasm

    Regular sexual activity and frequent orgasms have health benefits for both the individual and the couple as a whole. With respect to the health of the couple, satisfying sexual intimacy reduces stress and brings with it feelings of overall well-being and connectedness. This, in part, is due to the release of oxytocin during orgasm; when released, oxytocin facilitates bonding between partners. It is the same neurohormone that is released post-birth to help bond mother and child.

    From an individual perspective, health benefits associated with frequent sexual activity and/or orgasms include:

    • Decreased sensation of pain, including headaches and migraines
    • Increased ability to manage stress 
    • Reduced levels of anxiety
    • Improved sleep 
    • Increased incidence of carrying a pregnancy to term
    • Suspected to convey protective effects against breast cancer
    • Decreased incidence of prostate cancer

    I always tell patients, “A healthy relationship starts with you being the healthiest and happiest version of yourself.” Therefore, working to maintain a healthy sex life helps to maintain a healthier you, which subsequently feeds back to foster a healthier sex life.

    What Does a 'Healthy Sex Life' Look Like?

    Many people ask how much sex you need to have for your sex life to be considered healthy. I tell them there is no quantifiable answer to this question. Every individual is going to have a unique answer as to what is right for them. The most important question to start with when assessing the health of your sex life is, “Are both you and your partner’s sexual desires and needs being met?” You may think you know how your partner feels about the status of your sex life, but never assume. Good communication is paramount to the health of any relationship. One of the golden rules of good communication is never make assumptions. This is a simple thing to say but  can be incredibly difficult to practise, and yet, the importance of it cannot be emphasized enough. For example, if your partner is self-conscious about their body, they may avoid intimacy or signal their discomfort via non-verbal cues. It is easy to misinterpret these cues and project inaccurate meanings onto them. You may take their non-verbal cues to mean that your partner is no longer attracted to you and, as a result, feel hurt and rejected. You then modify your behavior which is then subject to their interpretation. You can imagine how a few simple misread cues can quickly escalate a situation that could be avoided by simply checking in with your partner to see how they feel.

    If the thought of having a conversation with your partner about your mutual sexual satisfaction makes you cringe, it is a good indication that your sex life is not thriving the way it could be. If this is you, you are not alone. Many people find that after years in a long term relationship, their interest in sex begins to wane. In some cases, it is merely an absence of desire. For others, an aversion to sex can develop - it begins to feel like a chore; just one more obligation in a day that already feels too busy. There are many factors that can contribute to a loss of interest in sex. Libido is a complicated thing that is influenced by both physical and emotional elements of health. More often than not, there is not just one, but multiple factors contributing to a decline in sexual desire and physical intimacy in a relationship.  Investigating and identifying the mental, emotional and physical factors that are at play for you and your partner are necessary steps required to optimize your sex life and improve the overall quality of your relationship.

    You can start this process with some inward reflection and communication with your partner, but most people find that speaking with a practitioner (either alone or as a couple) helps to highlight and address the existing issues. Breathing is also a helpful strategy you can put into practice right away. By focusing on your breathing it helps you stay present in the moment, an important component of cultivating a healthy sex life.

    No Simple Answers or Silver Bullets

    Sexual health is a vast and complicated subject that is not talked about nearly enough. Even in medical school, the amount of training doctors receive about sexual health, outside of reproductive health and STIs is relatively minimal.  For example, it wasn't until I attended a workshop at Good For Her that I learned about the anatomy of the female orgasm. I remember being blown away and thinking, "Why on earth didn't they teach us this in school - this is basic physiology, for goodness sake?" Our sexuality is intrinsically linked to the core of who we are. Cultivating a healthy relationship with our own sexuality and sexual expression is a keystone of health and a foundational component of intimate relationships.

    This blog post is the first of many to delve into this area of health. If you would like to be notified of future blog posts on topics pertaining to sexuality simply email me at jcoopernd@naturopathicfoundations.ca with 'Healthy Sexuality Blogs' in the subject line.